Emancipated Slaves Marker - Pioneer Cemetery - Salem, Oregon
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member ddtfamily
N 44° 55.165 W 123° 02.735
10T E 496401 N 4973998
Grave marker describing the life histories of a pair of emancipated slaves
Waymark Code: WMK0GA
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 01/25/2014
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 1

This grave marker, located within Salem's historic Pioneer Cemetery, marks the final resting places of Albert Bayless (1819-1907) and his wife Mary Bayless (1823-1907). The front of the marker includes the words "EMANCIPATED SLAVES" while the reverse side contains a fascinating historical account of their lives. I was excited to find this marker as there are relatively few historical markers dealing with slavery in the area as Salem, Oregon is about 2,500 miles from the heart of the former Confederate States. The text of the marker reads:

Albert was born into slavery in Tennessee. He had a kind master with whom he lived for 30 years. Upon his master's death, he was sold to an owner who mistreated him. Albert escaped to the California gold fields, then to Salem where he conducted a successful blacksmith business. A member of the Methodist Church, Albert retained his faith until death. In death, he left behind his faithful wife, Mary Ann, his only known surviving relative.

Mary Ann was born into slavery in Bowling Green, Kentucky in 1839 when she was 16. She was freed by her master and moved with his family to Missouri where she married David Reynolds. There, David and two of their children died. In 1864, she and her two remaining children moved to Oregon with the James Ord family. On October 18, 1866, in Salem, she married Albert Bayless, a blacksmith. On April 24, 1907 in Salem, only days after Albert's death, Mary Ann died of a broken heart and was laid to rest next to her husband.

Dedicated May 2002 by FOPC & SCV

Click a photo to enlarge

Historic Topic: Pioneer

Group Responsible for placement: Other

Marker Type: City

Region: Willamette Valley

County: Marion

State of Oregon Historical Marker "Beaver Board": Not listed

Web link to additional information: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

Include your thoughts and observations pertaining to this location and your visit. Provide any additional history that you are aware of that pertains to this location. If the marker commemorates a historic building tell us what it is used for now or share with us the circumstances of an earlier visit to bring this locations history to life.

Please upload a favorite photograph you took of the waymark. Although visiting this waymark in person is the only thing required of you to receive credit for your visit, taking the time to add this information is greatly appreciated.

Be creative.

Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Oregon Historical Markers
Nearest Geocaches
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
There are no logs for this waymark yet.