The Lane Trail - Nemaha County, KS, USA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 39° 50.505 W 095° 47.160
15S E 261622 N 4413907
First built as a roadway for immigrants, then became the underground railway route, and today is US highway 75
Waymark Code: WM10J8E
Location: Kansas, United States
Date Posted: 05/14/2019
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member coisos
Views: 3

County of trail: Nemaha County
Location of marker: Roadside park, 2 miles W. of Jct. US-36 & US-75, 3 miles W. of Fairview
Marker erected by: Kansas Historical Society and Kansas Department of Transportation

Marker text:

Near here the towns of Plymouth and Lexington once stood as outposts on the Lane Trail, approximated today by US-75. Named for abolitionist James H. Lane, the trail was established in 1856 to bypass proslavery strongholds in Missouri and provide free-state settlers a safe route into Kansas. Rock piles known as "Lane's chimneys" marked the trail. Leaving Iowa City, settlers went west into Nebraska and south into Kansas, passing through Plymouth, Lexington, Powhattan, Netawaka, and Holton before arriving in Topeka. The trail also served as part of the underground railroad, used by John Brown and others to transport slaves north to freedom.

At Plymouth, three miles south of the Nebraska line, and at Lexington, a few miles farther south, the settlers built log cabins surrounded by earthen~walled forts for protection. Armed with rifles and bolstered by a small cannon at Plymouth, the settlers established an antislavery presence that helped bring "Bleeding Kansas" into the Union as a free state. Today, however, Plymouth and Lexington exist only as a memory.

Who placed it?: Kansas Historical Society and Kansas Department of Transportation

When was it placed?: Unknown

Who is honored?: Immigrants and runaway slaves

Website about the Monument: [Web Link]

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The Snowdog visited The Lane Trail - Nemaha County, KS, USA 08/26/2023 The Snowdog visited it