SCHM 40 188 The Burning of Columbia
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NCDaywalker
N 34° 00.093 W 081° 02.014
17S E 496900 N 3762328
The marker is located on 1204 Main Street in Columbia, SC across for the capitol building.
Waymark Code: WM10JHT
Location: South Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 05/16/2019
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member jhuoni
Views: 3

Text: Burning Of Columbia

Due to Columbia's strategic value, capture of the city was an objective of the Union Army during the Carolina's Campaign of 1865. By Feb. 15 Union forces had moved to within 4 miles of the city and met opposition from Confederate skirmishes and artillery batteries. After offering a cursory defense of the city, C.S.A. commanders P.G.T. Beauregard and Wade Hampton ordered a final evacuation of Columbia on the morning of Feb. 17, 1865 and by the afternoon Union forces occupied the town.

By 1865 Columbia had become a central store of cotton in the Confederacy and as Union forces entered the city cotton bales lined much of Richardson (now Main) St. Several cotton fires were reported on the night of Feb. 16-17 and others were burning on the afternoon of Feb. 17. On the night of Feb. 17-18 fires — aided by high winds, burning cotton, and Union soldiers — destroyed much of Columbia's main commercial district and more than 450 buildings in all, a large portion of the city.

Erected by the S.C. Civil War Sesquicentennial Advisory Board, 2015
Marker Name: The Burning of Columbia

Marker Location: City

Type of Marker: Historic Site

Marker number: 40 188

County: Richland

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NCDaywalker visited SCHM 40 188 The Burning of Columbia 10/17/2022 NCDaywalker visited it