Historical Kansas - EB I-70 Rest Area - East of Paxico, KS, USA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 39° 03.545 W 096° 07.245
14S E 749133 N 4327279
Territory opened May, 1854, to the Lawbreakers and the Free Staters, in this slice of Kansas History.
Waymark Code: WM10JJ3
Location: Kansas, United States
Date Posted: 05/16/2019
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member coisos
Views: 2

County of Marker: Wabaunsee County
Marker Location: I-70 (US-40), E. bound rest area, @ m/m 337, 2 miles E. of Paxico
Marker Erected by: State Historical Society and State Highway Commission

Marker Text:

When Kansas territory was opened for white settlement on May 30, 1854, a bitter contest developed over the slavery question. Established the following December, Topeka, 25 miles ahead, favored the Free-State cause even though the territorial government was at first Proslavery. Rebelling Free Staters attempted to set up a rival legislature in Topeka in 1856. Acting for President Franklin Pierce came Col. E.V Sumner with five companies of U.S. dragoons and two cannon specially loaded for legislators. Lawmakers understood the message and adjourned reluctantly, but Topeka got even. When the city named its first streets for early Presidents, Pierce was omitted.

Free Staters eventually won out and Kansas became a state January 29, 1861, with Topeka the capital. The Statehouse, started in 1866, was completed in 1903. Topeka is known throughout the world for the contribution of its Menninger Foundation to mental health. South of the city the Topeka Army Air Field (later Forbes Air Force Base) was a processing center in World War II for B-17, B-24, and B-29 aircraft and crews. From a few miles west of Topeka to Lawrence, I-70 generally follows a main route of the Oregon-California trail, traveled from the late 1830s to 1860 by thousands of emigrants, in hundreds of wagon trains.

Who placed it?: State Historical Society and State Highway Commission

When was it placed?: Unknown

Who is honored?: Free Staters,

Website about the Monument: [Web Link]

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