Richmond - Richmond, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 39° 16.719 W 093° 58.648
15S E 415691 N 4348154
The growth of the county as people moved in and communities sprang up...
Waymark Code: WM11Q0F
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 11/30/2019
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member coisos
Views: 1

County of Marker: Ray County
Location of Marker: College St., courthouse lawn, Richmond
Marker Erected by: State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission
Date Marker Erected: 1957

Marker Text:

Richmond was founded, 1827, as the seat of Ray County on land donated by John Wollard, W.B. Martin, and Isaac and William Thornton. The county, organized 1820, had its first seat at Bluffton, where Camden an early Missouri River port, was laid out, 1836. The river channel suddenly shifted there, July 3, 1915, leaving Camden several miles inland and placing the Lafayette County boundary north of the river in that area.

Richmond and Ray County suffered from troop movements, skirmishes, and guerrilla raids during 1861-1865, but the postwar years brought coal mining and railroad growth. The St. Louis & St. Joseph (Santa Fe) came to Richmond, 1870. The North Mo. (Wabash) reached nearby Henrietta, 1869, and Chicago, Santa Fe, & Calif. (Santa Fe), in 1887. Early schools were Richmond Academy, opened in 1836, and Woodson (Methodist) Institute, 1893.

At the courthouse is the State statue, by F.C. Hibbard, to Alexander W. Doniphan (1808-87), who lived here 19 years. Colonel in the Mexican War, he led the 1st Reg. Mo. Mounted Volunteers on the famed 1846-47 self-sustained expedition to Mexico.

Trade and legal center for a livestock, grain, and coal mining county, Richmond lies in the Glacial Plains Region of Missouri in territory ceded by Iowa, Sac, and Fox tribes, 1824. An ancient Indian trail ran along the Missouri. In the vicinity of Orrick, laid out 1869, the river bottom land is one of the State's leading potato producing areas.

The county, named for Missouri legislator John Ray, was settled by Southerners who came to the area, 1814-15. First settlements were Bluffton, southwest, near the present Camden, and Buffalo, southeast, near where Hardin was later founded in 1868.

Forest Smith, Missouri governor, 1949-53, was born near Richmond and here lived Austin A. King, governor, 1849-53. Albert M. Clark, Mo. Supreme Court Justice, 1938-50, was born in nearby Lawson. In Richmond's cemeteries are the State Monument to Gov. King; Latter-Day Saints monument to David Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery; witnesses of the "Book of Morman"; and unmarked grave of guerrilla raider Bill Anderson. In town is the gravesite of Mexican War Captain Isreal R. Hendley.

Who placed it?: State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission

When was it placed?: 1957

Who is honored?: all who moved here

Website about the Monument: [Web Link]

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