Chillicothe, Livingston County, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 39° 46.591 W 093° 29.712
15S E 457592 N 4403070
Quick Description: This was once a roadside park, but new hwy built access was cut...marker still here in 2018. Use airport entrance and park, marker moved, and it will get you off the highway.
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 2/9/2020 4:57:11 AM
Waymark Code: WM122DZ
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member coisos
Views: 1

Long Description:

County of marker: Livingston County
Location of marker: Former roadside park, near airport, US-36, Chillicothe
Marker Erected by: State historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission
Date Marker Erected: 1958

Marker Text:

CHILLICOTHE
On rolling land above the Grand, and between Thompson River and Medicine Creek, Chillicothe was laid out in 1837 as seat of newly organized Livingston County. The name is for Edward Livingston, U. S. Secy. of State, and the town is named for Chillicothe, Ohio, a Shawnee Indian tribal name.

Chillicothe developed rapidly after the completion of the historic Hannibal and St. Joseph R. R. (now C. B. & Q.) in 1859. Three miles east of town a marker stands where the final spike was driven in the track of this first railroad across Missouri. Because of the railroad, Union troops occupied the town in the Civil War and the area suffered from guerrilla raids. Renewed growth came with building of what is now the Wabash, 1870, and the Chicago, Milwaukee, & St. Paul, 1886.

Here was the home of Chillicothe Business College, once the nation's largest business school, founded in 1890 by Allen Moore and closed in 1952. Today's St. Joseph's Academy dates from 1872, and the State Industrial Home for Girls, 1897. Southeast at Avalon, United Brethren operated Avalon College, 1873-90. The college building is now a church.

Chillicothe, a city of varied industries, lies in a livestock and grain farming county in Missouri's Glacial Plains Region. In territory ceded in 1824 by Iowa, Sac, and Fox tribes, the county's first white settler was Samuel E, Todd in 1831. Pioneers, largely from the South, came in the 1830's.

Prehistoric Indian mounds and campsites remain in the county. An Indian trail, later called Field's Trace, crossed the Grand River west of Chillicothe. Le Riviere Grande, as it was called by the early French trappers, was made a "free highway" by the state in 1839, and several steamboats came up as far as Utica, some 6 miles southwest.

Chillicothe was the home of Confed. Gen. William Y. Slack, and Alexander M. Dockery, Gov. of Mo., 1901-05, practiced medicine here. He is buried in Edgewood Cemetery where also is grave of Nelson Kneass, composer of the music for T. D. English's poem "Ben Bolt." He died here in 1868 while on theatrical tour. Earl S. and Foreman Sloan are said to have developed their liniment while running a livery stable here, 1870-72. Arthur J. and Alta T, Simpson gave land for city park.


Updates and corrections since marker installed (1958):
1. St. Joseph's Academy closed in 1969.
2. The State Industrial Home for Girls ceased operations in 1981. The Chilicothe Correctional Center, which houses over seven hundred women, now occupies the site.
3. The Avalon College building has been a private residence since 1964.

Who placed it?: State historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission

When was it placed?: 1958

Who is honored?: Edward Livingston, Allen Moore, Samuel E. Todd, settlers and railroaders wo made the county crow.

Website about the Monument: [Web Link]

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