The Pritchard House - Kernstown VA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 08.602 W 078° 11.800
17S E 742274 N 4336429
Quick Description: Fighting swirled around the home during the First and Second Battles of Kernstown, as it did during smaller engagements on June 13, 1863, and August 17, 1864.
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 11/4/2020 9:03:06 PM
Waymark Code: WM13C2B
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Turtle3863
Views: 0

Long Description:
The Pritchard House-A Family Caught in the Midst of War!--The large brick dwelling before you is the Pritchard House, built in 1854 by Stephen Pritchard, Jr. and his son, Samuel Pritchard. During the Civil War Samuel, his wife Helen, and their two small children occupied the house. Fighting swirled around the home during the First and Second Battles of Kernstown, as it did during smaller engagements on June 13, 1863, and August 17, 1864. Whenever combat raged across the farmstead, Samuel sheltered his family in the cellar.

When the fighting subsided, the home was used as a field hospital, and Helen Pritchard, a Unionist from New York, personally cared for many wounded Union soldiers in the house. "If it had not been for me," she recalled, "they would have died…" After Second Kernstown, Confederate soldiers carried the mortally wounded Col. James Mulligan of the Union Army into the house. A Confederate surgeon offered what little medical care he could, and a priest from the Louisiana Tiger Brigade gave Mulligan his last rites. Two days after the battle, Mulligan died peacefully as Helen Pritchard cradled his head in her arms.

With armies moving up and down the Shenandoah Valley throughout the war, the Pritchard family (like most other families) endured the loss of and damage to their property. After the First Battle of Kernstown, Union Col. Nathan Kimball impressed seven of Pritchard's horses to replace artillery horses killed in the battle. During the winter of 1864-65, Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Union Army occupied the Lower Shenandoah Valley, taking crops and harvesting a valuable stand of timber from Pritchard's property to build and supply the army's large winter encampment near Kernstown. After the war, the Federal Government refused to reimburse the Pritchards for their losses because Samuel Pritchard could not prove his loyalty to the United States during the war, although many former Union officers supported his effort.

LOCATION: Marker is in Kernstown, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Battlefield Park Drive and Saratoga Drive, on the right when traveling west. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22601, United States of America.
Related Website: [Web Link]

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Don.Morfe visited The Pritchard House - Kernstown VA 9/30/2021 Don.Morfe visited it