Minesweeping Paravane - Hoek van Holland, NL
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Theodd1
N 51° 58.884 E 004° 06.620
31U E 576255 N 5759551
Quick Description: [NL] Dit werktuig wordt gebruikt om vanaf een varend schip de kabels van onderzeese mijnen los te snijden. [EN] This tool is used to cut the cables of submarine mines from a sailing ship.
Location: Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Date Posted: 12/31/2020 3:20:59 AM
Waymark Code: WM13KBZ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member tiki-4
Views: 4

Long Description:
The paravane, a form of towed underwater "glider" with a warhead that was used in anti-submarine warfare, was developed from 1914–16 by Commander Usborne and Lieutenant C. Dennistoun Burney, funded by Sir George White, founder of the Bristol Aeroplane Company. It was used against naval mines and submarines.

Initially developed to destroy naval mines, the paravane is strung out and streamed alongside the towing ship, often from the bow, but in many WWII applications aboard minesweepers, the paravane was towed from the stern. The wings of the paravane pull it away laterally from the towing ship, placing a tension on the tow cable. If the tow cable snags the cable anchoring a mine then the anchoring cable is cut by jaws on the paravane, allowing the mine to float to the surface, where it is destroyed by gunfire. If the anchor cable fails to part, the mine and the paravane are brought together and the mine explodes against the paravane. The cable can then be retrieved and a replacement paravane fitted.
Burney developed explosive paravanes as an anti-submarine weapon, a "high speed sweep". It was a paravane, containing 80 pounds (36 kg) of TNT towed by an armoured electric cable. The warhead was fired automatically as soon as the submarine touched the paravane or towing cable, or manually from the ship's bridge. It could be quickly deployed into the water and towed up to 25 knots (46 km/h), and recovery was reasonably simple.

Source: Wikipedia (visit link)
Type of vessel: Submarine

Hours of use: From: 12:00 AM To: 12:00 AM

Admission? Cost?: Free on charge; exhibited on public land

Parking Coordinates: N 51° 58.913 E 004° 06.780

Date: 1/1/1941

Visit Instructions:
Logs to Waymarks in this category should include your personal photos along with any additional information you learned while visiting the site. We would also like to hear any personal stories you may have if you were a veteran that served aboard one of the vessels associated with the Waymark; or if you are a descendant of a veteran that was associated with the same. Additional photos of the veteran (especially those taken of the veteran while aboard the
vessel!) are always welcome.
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Tommy_Laura visited Minesweeping Paravane - Hoek van Holland, NL 2/23/2022 Tommy_Laura visited it