Bank of Washington - Washington, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 33.606 W 091° 00.722
15S E 673210 N 4269835
This building is classified as a "B-3 & Commercial" in this Historic District. Today this address is 116.
Waymark Code: WM14P5F
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 08/04/2021
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Geo Ferret
Views: 0

County of building: Franklin County
Location of building: W. Main St., middle of block, south side, Washington
Built: 1880
Architectural Style: Italianate
Classified: B-3 & commercial
Current Occupant: Tower Loan
District Map

Marker Text:

Bank of Washington
In 1880 the Bank of Washington constructed this Italianate style building. The bank remained here until 1923. From 1877 to 1880, the bank was located in the building adjacent to the west.

History of Mark:
"Italianate/Second Empire, 1865-1900. Coded B.
These closely related styles are represented by fourteen buildings, ten of which are two or three story brick buildings with storefronts and flats above. Most are concentrated along Main Street. The salient stylistic features are bold, projecting cornices with wood brackets (some with incised scrollwork panels), or corbelled brickwork imitating brackets, and dormered mansard roofs. In other respects the buildings differ little from the standard 19th and early 20th century planar brick façade articulated with segmentally arched windows. ... also feature Italianate cornices as the primary stylistic element.

"Residential (c. 1849 - 1930) . Coded 3
This designation denotes fifteen buildings used only for residential purposes (all are detached, single-family except for two detached, multi-family), as well as numerous buildings which mix residential use with commercial and a few which are institutional/residential or industrial/residential and are doubled coded as such.

"Commercial, Coded With Black Bar
This designation indicates that historically the building (or part of it) was used for commercial purposes. Since very few properties were constructed exclusively for commerce, the black bar code at the front of the property parcel generally refers to a first story storefront.

"Paralleling the mainstream neoclassical mode, the newer Italianate fashion made its first appearance in domestic architecture, but was more widely adopted in later commercial buildings of the 1880s and 90s. Italianate traits usually are limited to cornice treatment. Although round-arched openings were a popular Italianate stylistic element employed in even modest buildings elsewhere in Missouri, Washington builders almost exclusively adhered to the segmental arch. The Italianate and closely related Second Empire or Mansard styles eventually supplanted the neoclassical as the fashionable commercial image in Washington. Most examples are concentrated along Main Street. The profiles of their prominent projecting cornices and dormered mansard roofs introduced a new visual dimension which enlivened the streetscape. One of the earliest, the 1880 Bank of Washington at 114-16 W. Main, was given further interest with accents of carved stone trim.

" ... The construction in 1880 of a handsome new three-story bank building at 114-16 W. Main by the Bank of Washington, founded in 1877, was an indicator of the city's economic maturity." ~ NRHP Nomination Form, PDF pages 406, 14, & 20

"Built: 1880
Style/Design: Italianate
Storefront has been altered.

"Bldg. was constructed for the Bank of Washington, chartered October 22, 1877, original stockholders were F. W. Stumpe, (President 1877-1921). F. H. Hendrich, L. Wattenberg, J.B. Busch, J.D. Hibbler. The bank remained in the bldg. until 1923 when it moved to its present location, southwest corner of Oak and Main Streets" ~ DNR Historic Survey, phase II & III   PDF pages 603-604

Web link: Not listed

Additional point: Not Listed

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