PHYSICS - William Shockley - 1956 - Palo Alto, CA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member saopaulo1
N 37° 23.844 W 122° 07.776
10S E 577040 N 4139314
Quick Description: Grave of William Shockey who won the Nobel Prize in 1956 for Physics.
Location: California, United States
Date Posted: 9/23/2021 10:06:09 PM
Waymark Code: WM150VJ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 0

Long Description:
"William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American physicist and inventor. He was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs that included John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. The three scientists were jointly awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for "their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"." (visit link)

"Amplifying electric signals proved decisive for telephony and radio. First, electron tubes were used for this. To develop smaller and more effective amplifiers, however, it was hoped that semiconductors could be used - materials with properties between those of electrical conductors and insulators. Quantum mechanics gave new insight into the properties of these materials. In 1947 John Bardeen and Walter Brattain produced a semiconductor amplifier, which was further developed by William Shockley. The component was named a "transistor"." (visit link)
Field of Accomplishment: Physics

Year of Award: 1956

Primary Relevant Web Site: [Web Link]

Secondary Relevant Web Site: [Web Link]

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