FIRST- All steel bridge & Katy Depot - Boonville, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 58.421 W 092° 44.946
15S E 521733 N 4313886
Formation of the town and the town's name. There is a lot of text with the photos on the gallery, please visit that also.
Waymark Code: WM15CBH
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 12/06/2021
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member model12
Views: 1

County of marker: Cooper County
Location of marker: foot of 1st St., just S. of Spring St., Boonville
Marker erected: 2010
Marker erected by: Missouri Department of Natural Resources

Background: James C. Macurdy's 1870s photograph shows the Katy's first depot, left foreground. The Kansas Southern and Ozark Valley line to Versailles is beyond.

The Chicago & Alton Railroad's 1879 all-steel bridge , first in the world, crossed the Missouri River at Glasgow.

Marker Text:

From Boone's Lick to Boonville
The Boonslick Region has influences Missouri history far out of proportion to its size. The rich land is an ecological intersection, where eastern forest and the Ozark mountains meet prairie, and a large, navigable river runs through the middle. Climate and soil are so favorable that a famous tale claimed you could plant a crowbar at night and ten-penny nails would sprout by morning. The Missouri River and Boonslick and Santa Fe Trails were history-defining travel routes for western explorers, travelers and settlers.

The Boonslick began with Boone's Salt Lick, origin of the region's name and beginning of its prosperity. Frontiersman Daniel Boone came to Missouri in 1799, to accept a Spanish Land Grant. * Sons Nathan and Daniel Morgan Boone, along with James and Jesse Morrison, started a salt-making operation in 1805, just two years after Louisiana Territory became part of the United States. The salt lick attracted settlement and a road, The Boonslick Trail, from St. Charles. An 1814 map by William Clark noted 400 people living in the Boonslick, most from Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. The War of 1812 brought several years of bloodshed to the region.

In 1816, when hostilities ended, Franklin was founded on the Missouri River. For a decade, Franklin was Missouri's second most important city after St. Louis and the start of the Santa Fe Trail.

In quick succession, Boonville (1817), Fayette (1823), New Franklin (1828), Arrow Rock (1829), Rocheport (1832), Glasgow (1836), and at the edges of the Boonslick, Columbia (1821) and Marshall (1840), sprang up as market towns. Located on a bluff across the river from Franklin, Boonville took Franklin's place when floods washed that town away in the 1820s. Ten years later, Boonville was second to St. Louis in population and wealth. Boonslick agriculture started with corn and hogs, then added wheat and cattle. Slavery powered the Boonlsick economy, Among other products, slave labor produced tobacco and hemp, much of it traded via steamboat to southern states, where hemp rope was used to bale cotton.

Railroad and Civil War ended the Boonslick empire. Without slaves, large-scale hemp and tobacco production declined, and hemp substitutes were found for rope. Many former slaves stayed in the region. Until a migration of blacks to urban centers in the 1900s, around 30 percent of the Boonslick population was African-American. Railroad pulled the economy away from the river that was the heart of the Boonslick. Gradual decline preserved early homes, building s and main streets of the region. The Boonslick is noteworthy today for historic towns, former residents Dr. John Sappington, artist George Caleb Bingham and Santa Fe Trail merchant William Becknell, and its place in early Missouri history.

* Actually Daniel Morgan Boone brought his family, including his father, to the Femme Osage Region of Missouri with 46 Spanish Land Grants.
Daniel was Denied his, and lived in a log cabin on Nathan Boone's property.
When Missouri became a territory William Clark was made governor, and he also denied Daniel Boone the land grant. So, Daniel Boone NEVER held a land grant. His sons and most of his wife's family did.
This is like in the movie "Liberty Valance" when the editor of the newspaper tore up the true story and said: "When legend becomes fact, print the legend"

Many things are attributed to Daniel Boone in Missouri, he probable did none of them. The deeds were done, but usually by his sons, and credit seems to fall to daddy.

FIRST - Classification Variable: Place or Location

Date of FIRST: 01/01/1879

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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