Electric Auto-Lite Strike of 1934 - Toledo, OH
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bobfrapples8
N 41° 39.797 W 083° 31.735
17T E 289452 N 4615481
Quick Description: The Soledad Brothers' song "Mean Ol' Toledo" recounts the story of the Electric Auto-Lite strike of 1934. Champlain mentioned in the song refers to the street where the riots occurred and the location of the memorial park dedicated to the event.
Location: Ohio, United States
Date Posted: 12/26/2021 3:53:35 AM
Waymark Code: WM15F8H
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 0

Long Description:
Tex taken from Ohio Historical Marker located in Union Memorial Park, Toledo, OH

Front Text : "Electric Auto-Lite Strike of 1934"
In 1934, workers at the Electric Auto-Lite Company and other automotive-related manufacturers secretly organized the Automobile Workers Federal Union Local 18384, American Federation of Labor (AFL), which became the United Auto Workers (UAW) Local 12. Anti-unionism, broken pledges by management, and abuse of workers had festered locally for generations. Workers bitterly resented the fact that management took advantage of the Depression's high unemployment to decrease wages. In February, workers struck at Auto-Lite, Bingham Stamping, Logan Gear, and Spicer Manufacturing Company. When management refused to negotiate in good faith, the workers, including a large number of women, struck the Auto-Lite in mid-April. Auto-Lite management secured a court order limiting the number of strikers to twenty-five. The strike appeared to be lost until the Lucas County Unemployed League organized fierce resistance to the court injunction as the crowd around the plant grew to ten thousand. (continued on other side)

Back Text : "Electric Auto-Lite Strike of 1934"
(continued from other side) As the conflict escalated into civil war, Governor George White ordered Ohio's largest peacetime deployment of National Guard units. Machine guns were mounted near the Elm Street Bridge and other strategic points. Efforts to quell the rioting evolved into hand-to-hand combat, with strikers and guardsmen battling with bricks and tear gas in the streets of the North End. On May 24, 1934, during the "Battle of Chestnut Hill," guardsmen fired into the crowd, killing onlookers Steve Cyigon and Frank Hubay. Under pressure of a general strike, Auto-Lite's management agreed to recognize the union, becoming one of the first large automotive manufacturers to do so. The victory here played a major role in securing landmark Federal labor protection under the Wagner Act and the founding of the UAW in 1935. Closing Auto-Lite's doors in 1962 did not shut out the memories of the tragedy and triumph of 1934.
Musician: Soledad Brothers

Name of Song: Mean Ol' Toledo

Relevant Verse:
Auto-Lite, shining up high upon that hill, Feel the pain of ol' Champlain you can feel its steel, Last word was passed, soldiers on the way, But the way was wrong and we sing our song through the drivin' rain,

Location website: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
There are no specific requirements for logging a waymark. You are, however, encouraged to include any funny or interesting pictures of your visit.
Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Immortalized in Lyrics
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
There are no logs for this waymark yet.