Kemp Hall - Frederick, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
N 39° 24.914 W 077° 24.645
18S E 292462 N 4365630
Quick Description: Kemp Hall served as the capitol of Maryland during the spring and summer of 1861. The capitol was temporarily moved here from Annapolis as Frederick was more pro-union. Here, delegates debated about Maryland succession. It ultimately never happened.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 2/1/2022 7:40:03 PM
Waymark Code: WM15P5R
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Turtle3863
Views: 0

Long Description:
The plaque says, "he building in front of you, Kemp Hall, was the capitol of Maryland during the spring and summer of 1861, as the state came perilously close to leaving the Union. Because secession would have placed the U.S. capital, Washington, D.C. between the Confederate states of Maryland and Virginia, President Abraham Lincoln could not let it happen.

Two weeks after the Confederate capture of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, Maryland Gov. Thomas H. Hicks called the General Assembly into special session here in Frederick, a strongly Unionist city to debate secession. The state capital, Annapolis, was seething with resentment over the recent Federal occupation of that city.

Both the Senate and the House of Delegates began the session on April 26, 1861, in the former Frederick County Courthouse building located two blocks west of here. The next day, the senators and delegates moved here to Kemp Hall, a larger meeting space that belonged to the German Reformed Church.

As early as June 20, under Lincoln’s suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, Federal troops began arresting suspected pro-secession legislators, starting with Delegate Ross Winans of Baltimore, who was stopped on his way home from the session here. He, like several other lawmakers, was confined briefly under Lincoln’s orders.

The legislature continued to meet here at Kemp Hall throughout the summer. Finally, lacking a quorum—primarily because of the arrest of so many secession-leaning senators and delegates—it adjourned in September without ever considering a secession bill."
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