The Liberty of Poetry - (Nicolini) - Florence, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member neoc1
N 43° 46.121 E 011° 15.714
32T E 682050 N 4848667
Quick Description: The sculpture The Liberty of Poetry marks the grave of Italian poet and playwright Giovan Battista Nicolini. His grave is located in the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy.
Location: Toscana, Italy
Date Posted: 3/12/2022 7:38:34 AM
Waymark Code: WM15WWB
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Outspoken1
Views: 1

Long Description:

The grave Giovan Battista Nicolini is marked by a monument with a marble sculpture called The Liberty of Poetry created by Pio Fedi. The sculpture is quite similar to the Statue of Liberty. However this sculpture was installed in 1877 and predates the Statue of Liberty, the head of which was first displayed by Bartholi at the 1878 Paris World's Fair. The dado on the base of the sculpture is inscribed in gold letters: A G.B. NICOLINI (To G.B. NICOLINI).

A sign describes and explains the monument. It is inscribed in English and Italian. The English inscription is:

Pio Fedi

Memorial Monument to Giovan Battista Nicolini

1877

The Statue of Liberty (whose official name
is Liberty Enlightening the World) illumi-
nates New York with her torch and has a
precursor in the Basilica of Santa Croce in
Florence.

The Florentine statue represents The Lib-
erty of Poetry, and thus the freedom of art
and of creative genius in general; inher
left hand she holds a lyre and a crown of
laurel and in her right hand wich is heald
aloft are the remnants of a broken chain,
the symbol of defeated tyranny. She dif-
fers from her stern American cousin in her
more feminine form, in the gentle grace of
her pose.

The possibility that this statue, sculpted
by Pio Fedi, was the inspiration, or one of
the sources of inspiration, for her bigger
sister cannot be dismissed: a plaster cast
of Santa Croce statue — identical to the
final statue - had already been completed
1872, after the preparatory drawings
had been in circulation in contemporary
artistic circles for some time. The statue in
marble was commissioned for the tomb of
Giovan Battista Niccolini (1782-1861) on
the tenth anniversary of his death; it was
completed by 1877 and installed in the
Basilica and inaugurated in 1883 in honor
of this hero of the Italian Risorgimento.

Giovanni Battista Niccolini was born in Bagni San Giuliano, in Tuscany, Italy on October 29, 1782. He studied law at the University of Pisa but eventually became a professor of history and mythology at the Accademia di Belle Arti of Florence.

His first play Polissena was written in Greekin 1810. Subsequently he wrote plays and poems in support of the Italian Unification movement (Risorgimento).

Wikipedia list the following works by Giovan Battista Nicolini:

Polissena (1810)
Edipo (1810–15)
Ino e Temisto (1810–15)
Medea (1810–15)
Nabucco (1815)
Matilde (1815)
Giovanni da Procida (1817)
Antonio Foscarini (1823)
Lodovico il Moro (1833)
Rosmunda d'Inghilterra (1834)
Beatrice Cenci (1838)
Arnaldo da Brescia (1840)
Le Coefore (1844)
Filippo Strozzi (1846)
Mario e i Cimbri (1848)

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