Argonne Cross-World War I Memorial - Arlington VA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 38° 52.290 W 077° 03.330
18S E 321680 N 4304524
Quick Description: The Argonne Cross-World War I Memorial is located in Section 18, Arlington National Cemetery. The Cross is in the area of many grave sites of World War I veterans.
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 3/27/2022 4:58:14 PM
Waymark Code: WM15Z2K
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Grahame Cookie
Views: 1

Long Description:
The Argonne Cross is in Section 18, Arlington National Cemetery in the area of many World War I Veterans graves. The Cross is made of marble and the inscription at the base is: IN MEMORY OF OUR MEN IN FRANCE 1917 1918.

From the Arlington National Cemetery website:
Argonne Cross (World War I) Section 18
The Argonne Cross commemorates the 1918 Meuse-Argonne Offensive (September 26 to November 11, 1918), the Allies' massive Western Front campaign which helped conclude World War I. Involving some 1.2 million American soldiers, Meuse-Argonne was the American Expeditionary Forces' largest campaign — as well as the deadliest military campaign in U.S. history, resulting in more than 26,000 Americans killed in action and over 120,000 total casualties.

American servicemen who died in World War I were initially buried in Europe, but during and immediately after the war, the remains of many were disinterred. The War Department's policy was to repatriate, for reburial in the United States, all remains requested by the next of kin; those whose families did not request repatriation, or who were unidentified, would be reinterred in American-managed "Fields of Honor" in Europe. (The American Battle Monuments Commission, charged with administering foreign cemeteries, was established in 1923.) Under this repatriation policy, the remains of approximately 2,100 World War I casualties were reinterred at Arlington National Cemetery, specifically in Section 18.

In 1921, the Argonne Unit American Women's Legion successfully petitioned the War Department to erect a plain white marble cross in Section 18 to honor their memory. Women's organizations led many such efforts to establish World War I memorials. Commemorating the nation's wartime sacrifices became one way that American women — who had only just won the right to vote — could assert their rights to participate in public civic life.

Dedicated on November 13, 1923, the Argonne Cross stands in Section 18, near the southwestern edge of the cemetery (south of Memorial Chapel Gate). A grove of 19 pine trees surrounds its north, west and south sides, symbolizing the Argonne Forest where so many servicemen had fought and lost their lives. An eagle and wreath are carved into the juncture of the cross's arm and stem. The inscription on the east side of the base reads, "In memory of our men in France 1917 1918." The inscription on the west side of the base reads, "Erected * Through * The * Efforts * Of * The Argonne * Unit * American * Womens * Legion."

In August 1981, the Argonne Cross was accidentally destroyed. The current monument, a replica of the original, dates from June 1982.

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Date the Monument or Memorial was built or dedicated: 11/13/1923

Private or Public Monument?: Government

Name of the Private Organization or Government Entity that built this Monument: Arlington National Cemetery

Geographic Region where the Monument is located: North America

Website for this Monument: [Web Link]

Physical Address of Monument:
Arlington National Cemetery
1 Memorial Ave
Arlington, VA United States

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Don.Morfe visited Argonne Cross-World War I Memorial - Arlington VA 3/28/2022 Don.Morfe visited it