Vittorio Emanuele II & Giuseppe Garibaldi - Pienza, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member PISA-caching
N 43° 04.598 E 011° 40.744
32T E 718100 N 4772809
Quick Description: 43.07664 11.67907
Location: Toscana, Italy
Date Posted: 7/3/2022 12:22:38 PM
Waymark Code: WM16CXW
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 1

Long Description:
 
< IT >

Nell'area d'ingresso del Municipio di Pienza, numerose lapidi commemorano varie persone ed eventi. Una di queste commemora due veterani, ma non una guerra specifica. L'iscrizione recita:

A Vittorio Emanuele II
ed a Giuseppe Garibaldi
condottieri degl'italiani
nei gloriosi combattimenti dai quali
l'italia sorse libera ed una
voto secolare dei patriotti
che con la mente col braccio coi martirii
concorsero alla grand opera

Il municipio Pientino
Riconsoscente

5 giugno 1887

"Vittorio Emanuele II di Savoia (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; Torino, 14 marzo 1820 – Roma, 9 gennaio 1878) è stato l'ultimo re di Sardegna (dal 1849 al 1861) e il primo re d'Italia (dal 1861 al 1878).

Dal 1849 al 1861 fu inoltre duca di Savoia, principe di Piemonte e duca di Genova. È ricordato anche con l'appellativo di Re galantuomo, perché dopo la sua ascesa al trono non ritirò lo Statuto Albertino promulgato da suo padre Carlo Alberto.

Coadiuvato dal presidente del Consiglio Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour, portò a compimento il Risorgimento, culminato nella proclamazione del Regno d'Italia.

Per aver realizzato l'Unità d'Italia, viene indicato come Padre della Patria, così come compare nell'iscrizione nel monumento nazionale che da lui prende il nome di Vittoriano, sito a Roma, in piazza Venezia.

[...]

Carlo Alberto, acclamato come sovrano riformatore, concesso lo Statuto Albertino il 4 marzo 1848 e dichiarata guerra all'Austria, apriva intanto il lungo periodo noto come Risorgimento italiano entrando in Lombardia con truppe piemontesi e volontari italiani. Vittorio Emanuele duca di Savoia era a capo della 7ª Divisione di riserva."

Fonte e molte altre informazioni: it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vittorio_Emanuele_II_di_Savoia

"Giuseppe Maria Garibaldi (Nizza, 4 luglio 1807 – Isola di Caprera (La Maddalena), 2 giugno 1882) è stato un generale, patriota, condottiero, scrittore e politico italiano. Figura rilevante del Risorgimento, fu uno dei personaggi storici più celebrati della sua epoca. È noto anche con l'appellativo di «eroe dei due mondi» per le imprese militari compiute sia in Europa, sia in America meridionale.

Considerato dalla storiografia e nella cultura popolare del XX secolo il principale eroe nazionale italiano. La sua impresa più nota fu la vittoriosa spedizione dei Mille che portò all'annessione del Regno delle Due Sicilie al nascente Regno d'Italia, episodio centrale nel processo di unificazione della nuova nazione."

Fonte e molte altre informazioni: it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuseppe_Garibaldi

 
< EN >

In the entrance area of the Town Hall of Pienza, numerous memorial stones commemorate various people and events. One of them commemorates two veterans, but no specific war. The inscription reads:

To Vittorio Emanuele II
and Giuseppe Garibaldi
leaders of the Italians
in the glorious combats from which
Italy arose free and a
secular vow of the patriots
who with mind, with arm, with martyrdoms
contributed to the great work

The town hall of Pienza
Recognizing

June 5, 1887

"Victor Emmanuel II (14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861, when he assumed the title of King of Italy and became the first king of an independent, united Italy since the 6th century, a title he held until his death in 1878.

Born in Turin as the eldest son of Charles Albert, Prince of Carignano, and Maria Theresa of Austria, he fought in the First Italian War of Independence (1848–1849) before being made King of Piedmont-Sardinia following his father's abdication. He appointed Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, as his Prime Minister, and he consolidated his position by suppressing the republican left. In 1855, he sent an expeditionary corps to side with French and British forces during the Crimean War; the deployment of Italian troops to the Crimea, and the gallantry shown by them in the Battle of the Chernaya (16 August 1855) and in the siege of Sevastopol led the Kingdom of Sardinia to be among the participants at the peace conference at the end of the war, where it could address the issue of the Italian unification to other European powers. This allowed Victor Emmanuel to ally himself with Napoleon III, Emperor of France.

Victor Emmanuel supported the Expedition of the Thousand (1860–1861) led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, which resulted in the rapid fall of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in southern Italy. However, Victor Emmanuel halted Garibaldi when he appeared ready to attack Rome, still under the Papal States, as it was under French protection. In 1860, Tuscany, Modena, Parma and Romagna decided to side with Sardinia-Piedmont, and Victor Emmanuel then marched victoriously in the Marche and Umbria after the victorious Battle of Castelfidardo over the Papal forces. This led to his excommunication from the Catholic Church until 1878, just before his death in the same year. He subsequently met Garibaldi at Teano, receiving from him the control of southern Italy and becoming the first King of Italy on 17 March 1861.

In 1866, the Third Italian War of Independence allowed Italy to annex Veneto. In 1870, Victor Emmanuel also took advantage of the Prussian victory over France in the Franco-Prussian War to conquer the Papal States after the French withdrew. He entered Rome on 20 September 1870 and set up the new capital there on 2 July 1871. He died in Rome in 1878, and was buried in the Pantheon."

Source and further information: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Emmanuel_II

"Giuseppe Maria Garibaldi (4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, patriot, revolutionary and republican. He contributed to Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's 'fathers of the fatherland', along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi is also known as the 'Hero of the Two Worlds' because of his military enterprises in South America and Europe."

Source and further information: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuseppe_Garibaldi

Type of Memorial: Non-Specific Memorial

In Honor Of: Vittorio Emanuele II & Giuseppe Garibaldi

Marker Text:
To Vittorio Emanuele II and Giuseppe Garibaldi leaders of the Italians in the glorious combats from which Italy arose free and a secular vow of the patriots who with mind, with arm, with martyrdoms contributed to the great work The town hall of Pienza Recognizing


Date of dedication: 5 giugno 1887 / June 5, 1887

Who Put it Here?: Il municipio Pientino / Town Hall of Pienza

Description of Memorial:
The memorial is one of several in the entrance area of the town hall of Pienza. Interestingly, it has the same size, font, date etc. as WM16CJY, although they don't have anything to do with each other. Or at least the relation is not obvious.


Wars mentioned (Multi-war only): Not listed

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