A National Cemetery System - Springfield, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 37° 10.454 W 093° 15.834
15S E 476572 N 4114233
This tableau style marker is located inside of the gates on the east side of the Springfield National Cemetery - 1702 East Seminole Street, in Springfield, Missouri.
Waymark Code: WM16V9R
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 10/09/2022
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Geo Ferret
Views: 0

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Civil War Dead

An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. This propelled the creation of a national cemetery system.

On September 11, 1861, the War Department directed commanding officers to keep "accurate and permanent records of deceased soldiers.” It also required the U.S. Army Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs directed officers to survey lands in the Civil War theater to find Union dead grave with a headboard. A few months later, the department mandated interment of the dead in graves marked with numbered headboards, recorded in a register.

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Creating National Cemeteries

The authority to create military burial grounds came in an Omnibus Act of July 17, 1862.It directed the president to purchase land to be used as "a national cemetery for the soldiers who shall die in the service of the country.” Fourteen national cemeteries were established by 1862.

When hostilities ended, a grim task began, in October 1865, Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs directed officers to survey lands in the Civil War theater to find Union dead and plan to reinter them in new national cemeteries. Cemetery sites were chosen-where troops were concentrated: camps, hospitals, battlefields, railroad hubs. By 1872, 74 national cemeteries and several soldiers' lots contained 305,492 remains, about 45 percent were unknown.

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Most cemeteries were less than 10 acres, and layouts varied. In the Act to Establish and to Protect National Cemeteries of February 22, 1867, Congress funded new permanent walls or fences, grave markers, and lodges for cemetery superintendents.

At first only soldiers and sailors who died during the Civil War were buried in national cemeteries. In 1873, eligibility was expanded to all honorably discharged Union veterans, and Congress appropriated $1 million to mark the graves. Upright marble headstones honor individuals whose names were known; 6-inch-square mark unknowns.

By 1873, military post cemeteries on the Western frontier joined the national cemetery system. The National Cemeteries Act of 1973 transferred 82 Army cemeteries, including 12 of the original 14, to what is now the National Cemetery Administration.

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Reflection and Memorialization

The country reflected upon the Civil War's human toll-2 percent of the U.S. population died. Memorials honoring war service were built in national cemeteries. Most were donated by regimental units, state governments and veterans' organizations such as the Grand Army of the Republic. Decoration Day, later Memorial Day, was a popular patriotic spring event that started in 1868. Visitors placed flowers on graves and monuments, and gathered around rostrums to hear speeches. Construction of Civil War monuments peaked in the 1890s. By 1920, as the number of aging veterans was dwindling, more than 120 monuments had been placed in the national cemeteries.


Soldiers' graves near General Hospital, City Point, Va., ca. 1863. Library of Congress

Knoxville was established after the siege of the city and, Battle of Fort Sanders in 1863, Cemetery plan, 1892; National Archives and Records Administration.

Lodge at City Point, Va., pre-1928. The first floor contained a cemetery office, and living room and kitchen for the superintendent's family; three bedrooms were upstairs.

National cemetery monuments, left to right: Massachusetts Monument, Winchester, Va, 1907, Maryland Sons Monument, Loudon Park, Baltimore, Md, 1885; and Women's Relief Corps/Grand Army of he Republic Monument to the Unknown Dead, Crown Hill, Indianapolis, Ind., 1889.

Marker created by
U.S. Department of Veterans' Affairs
National Cemetery Administration
History of Mark:
Marker was placed sometime between March of 2015 and February of 2017.

Web link: Not listed

Additional point: Not Listed

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