The Heart of the Household-Andrew Johnson National Historic Site - Greeneville TN
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 36° 09.767 W 082° 49.754
17S E 335466 N 4003554
The marker is located at the intersection of E Depot Street and N College Street, Greeneville TN 37745. It is next to the Early Home of Andrew Johnson, a unit of the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
Waymark Code: WM18PE9
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 09/04/2023
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member pmaupin
Views: 0

The Heart of the Household
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
“At four in the morning I had to be up. I went up and made the fire in [Johnson’s] room, shined his boots, and then made a fire in the kitchen stove. I stood by his side at the table . . . then I washed the dishes.” William Johnson, slave to Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson purchased his first slave, Dolly, in 1842 while living in the house in front of you. Fourteen-year-old Dolly was scheduled to be sold at auction when, according to her son William Johnson, she approached Andrew Johnson and asked him to buy her. The bill of sale (right) is for Dolly’s 12 year-old brother Sam whom Andrew Johnson also bought. Dolly, her brother Sam, and Johnson’s other slaves worked in and around this house doing the family’s cooking, cleaning, and other domestic chores.

“I, Andrew Johnson, do hereby proclaim freedom, full, broad and unconditional to every man in Tennessee!” Andrew Johnson, Military Governor of Tennessee, 1864

Johnson believed in gradual freedom for slaves. According to local tradition, Johnson freed his slaves, including Dolly and her family, on August 8, 1863. In 1864, as Tennessee’s Military Governor, Johnson proclaimed freedom for all enslaved men in Tennessee a year before slavery was formerly abolished by the 14th amendment to the constitution.

“Slavery is the cancer upon the body politic, which must be rooted out before perfect health can be restored.” Andrew Johnson, August 8, 1864.
Civil Right Type: Race (includes U.S. Civil Rights movement)

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Don.Morfe visited The Heart of the Household-Andrew Johnson National Historic Site - Greeneville TN 09/04/2023 Don.Morfe visited it