Fulton - Fulton, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 50.991 W 091° 56.826
15S E 591365 N 4300641
History of the Kingdom of Callaway.
Waymark Code: WM3H4T
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 04/06/2008
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member GEO*Trailblazer 1
Views: 22

Marker Erected by: State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission.
Date Marker Erected: 1955.
County of Marker: Callaway County.
Location of Marker: E. 7th St. & Market St.,(Bus. US-54), public library lawn, Fulton.

Marker Text:

Fulton was founded here in the Little Dixie Region of Missouri, 1825, to replace the poorly located Elizabeth as seat of Callaway County. Named for a grandson of Daniel Boone and War of 1812 Ranger, Capt. James Callaway, the county was organized, 1820. The town name honors Robert Fulton.

Callaway County is popularly called the Kingdom of Callaway in memory of a War Between the States incident in 1861 when "Col." Jefferson Franklin Jones, leading a civilian army of Callaway men, negotiated with Union Gen. John B. Henderson and got him to agree not to invade Callaway if Jones disbanded his men. Later Fulton was often occupied by Union Troops.

Here is the Missouri School for the Deaf, first such school west of the Mississippi, founded in 1851; Presbyterian Westminster College for men, founded 1851, chartered, 1853; and a Christian Church junior college for women, William Woods, founded, 1869, at Camden Point, moved here, 1890. State Hospital No.1 for mentally ill, chartered, 1847, opened here, 1851, is one of the first three such hospitals west of the Mississippi.

Fulton is the capital of the Kingdom of Callaway, a county early noted for its fine horses and its pioneering in development of the famous Missouri mule.

South, on the Missouri River, is the site of Cote sans Dessein (hill without design). A French trading post, and first settlement in the county, 1808, it was the scene of an Indian attack in the War of 1812. In 1821, Cote sans Dessein was the first place considered for the Missouri state capital, but faulty land titles stood in the way.

Here at Westminster College a plaque marks the site where the phrase "Iron Curtain" was first used in a 1946 speech by English wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Also of interest area museum collection at William Woods College, and, in town, a statue of Capt. James Callaway.

William D. Kerr (1808-89), was first head of School for the Deaf, and Dr. Turner R.H. Smith (1820-85), of Hospital No.1. here lived novelists Nathan C. Kouns (1833-90); G.W. Hamilton (1845-1909); Caroline A. Stanley (1849-1919); Henry Bellamann (1882-1945).

History of Mark:
Some corrections, and additional information necessary for this marker. The "Statue of James Callaway" never existed. This is according to the Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society and the Fulton City Parks Commission.

Update of this 1955 marker:
1. Westminster College began accepting female students in 1979.
2. The Camden Point institution became a four-year college in 1960s and in 1993 was renamed William Woods University.
3. State Hospital No. 1 is now the Fulton State Hospital.
4. This Plaque identifying the speech location of Churchill is not the same. Now stands 8 sections of the Berlin Wall, turned into an original art work, and a poem by Churchill's granddaughter, Edwina Sandys, Churchill's Statue and a seventeenth-century chapel, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, was moved stone-by-stone from London, reassembled, and dedicated as the Winston Churchill Memorial in 1969 to mark the site of Churchill's address on Latshaw Plaza, Westminster University campus.

Web link: Not listed

Additional point: Not Listed

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