Hospital Rock - Lava Beds National Monument
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
N 41° 50.027 W 121° 28.245
10T E 626979 N 4632451
This historical marker and location highlight one episode of the Modoc War of 1872-3 within the Lava Beds National Monument (park fees may apply in season).
Waymark Code: WMFGV2
Location: California, United States
Date Posted: 10/18/2012
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member MrsMcFly
Views: 7

Welcome to Hospital Rock. This historic location was the scene of a skirmish between the Modoc Indians and a contingent of the U.S. Army that had set up camp here, close to Captain Jack's Stronghold, where the Modoc leader, Captain Jack, had been hiding out and refusing to give up the fight against the Army.

An historical marker placed at this site says the following:

It was April 11, 1873, the middle of the Modoc War. Though greatly outnumbered, Modoc warriors had easily defeated the Army in the first battle for the Stronghold in January, and soldiers had waited through the winter while peace talks dragged on. At last, the restless troops were moved to Hospital Rock and Gillems Camp, much closer to the Modoc.

At midday, soldiers spotted three Modoc crossing the lava beds (in front of you) waving a white flag. When two officers approached them, they opened fire. Moving the camps had driven the Modoc to act; this offensive would spark the second battle for the Stronghold.

At the time of the attack, the Modoc had been living for months in the Stronghold caves instead of their usual warm winter dwellings. In spring when they saw the Army camps moving closer, some became concerned. They called for an end to negotiations. It seemed apparent that the whites would never grant their wish to be left alone in their homeland.

Lieutenant William Sherwood was mortally wounded, and died several days later at the crude field hospital that gave Hospital Rock its name. An urgent message warning of treachery was sent to the peace commissioners meeting nearby. Unfortunately, it arrived too late--they too had been attacked.

If one visits the visitor center within the Lava Beds National Monument, they will see a large display of Lieutenant Sherwood's personal chest as well as his rifle, revolver and sword. In reference to the peace commission which was attacked by Modocs, the result was two men died in that attack, one of them being General E.R.S. Canby, the only U.S. General to to be killed in an Indian War. General Canby's death would spark another battle at Captain Jack's Stronghold and drag out the Modoc War for many more months.

Group that erected the marker: National Parks Service

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: [Web Link]

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
Lava Beds National MonumentCA USA

Visit Instructions:
Take a picture of the marker, preferably including yourself or your GPSr in the photo. A very detailed description of your visit may be substituted for a photo. In any case please provide a description of your visit. A description of only "Visited" or "Saw it while on vacation" by anyone other than the person creating the waymark may be deleted by the waymark owner or the category officers.
Search for... Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Signs of History
Nearest Geocaches
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log  
ChapterhouseInc visited Hospital Rock - Lava Beds National Monument 08/10/2013 ChapterhouseInc visited it