Basel Compacts - 500 Years - Jihlava, Czech Republic
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ToRo61
N 49° 23.762 E 015° 35.466
33U E 542890 N 5471650
This site celebrating the anniversary of publication Basel Compacts
Waymark Code: WMFVD8
Location: Kraj Vysočina, Czechia
Date Posted: 12/03/2012
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 55

Jihlava is an ancient town in the heart of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands, about 130 km south-east of Prague. Jihlava, founded more than 800 years ago, boasts a long and colourful history. Being the administrative, industrial, commercial and cultural center of Vysocina Region, it is home to more than 50 000 inhabitants.

During the ecumenical Council of Constance in 1415, Jan Hus, the rector of Charles University and a prominent reformer and religious thinker, was sentenced to be burnt at the stake as a heretic. The verdict was passed despite the fact that Hus was granted formal protection by Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg prior to the journey. The execution of Hus, as well as five consecutive papal crusades against followers of Hus, forced the Bohemians to defend themselves. Their defense and rebellion against Roman Catholics became known as the Hussite Wars.

The uprising against imperial forces was led by a former mercenary, Jan Žižka of Trocnov. As the leader of the Hussite armies, he used innovative tactics and weapons, such as howitzers, pistols, and fortified wagons, which were revolutionary for the time, and established Žižka as a great general who never lost a battle.

After Žižka's death, Prokop the Great took over the command for the army, and under his lead the Hussites were victorious for another ten years.

The Hussite cause gradually splintered into two main factions, the moderate Utraquists and the more fanatic Taborites. Despite an apparent victory for the Catholics, the Bohemian Utraquists were still strong enough to negotiate freedom of religion in 1436. This happened in the so-called Basel Compacts, declaring peace and freedom between Catholics and Utraquists.

Source: wikipedia
Anniversary Year: 500

Year of Event, Organization or Occurance: 1436

Masarykovo nám.
Jihlava, Czech Republic

Website: Not listed

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