They Passed This Way - New Madrid, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 36° 35.010 W 089° 31.731
16S E 273750 N 4051647
Quick Description: Marker giving history of the Trail of Tears in New Madrid, Missouri.
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 8/7/2013 9:21:22 PM
Waymark Code: WMHR81
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Bernd das Brot Team
Views: 3

Long Description:

Text of marker:

They Passed This Way

Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation once spread across parts of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama.  The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee surrender their land and move west.

In 1838, more than 15,000 Cherokee began their trek west from their eastern homeland to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma)  over the "Trail of Tears."  They traveled by roads and rivers, including this stretch of the Mississippi River.  More than 1,000 died during the journey westward, and more 4,000 died as a result of their forced migration.

Federal Indian Removal Policy

Federal Indian removal policy aroused fierce and bitter debate.  Supporters of the policy claimed it was a benevolent action to save the tribes east of the Mississippi River from being overwhelmed and lost in the onslaught of an expanding American population.  Opponents decried its inhumanity and the tragic consequences it had for the Indian peoples.  One thing was certain, removal freed millions of acres of desired Indian lands for use by white settlers.

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 resulted in the removal of thousands of American Indians from their ancestral lands for new homes in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma).  They traveled by existing roads and rivers. Many groups left in the fall, hoping to avoid the disease and heat of summer travel, and instead faced treacherous winter weather.  Many died during the ordeal of the Trail of Tears.


Despite the hardships of the journey, members of the five removed tribes established  new lives in the West. They stand as successful sovereign nations, proudly preserving cultural traditions, while adapting to the challenges of the 21st century.

Cherokee who survived the Trail of Tears created a new sovereign nation in present-day Oklahoma. Some Cherokee remained in North Carolina and, due to a special exemption, formed the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

Routes: Water Route

Address if available:
Levee Road
New Madrid, Missouri

Additional Coordinates: Not Listed

Additional Information: Not listed

Marker Website: Not listed

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