Oregon's WWII Statistics - Oregon WWII Memorial - Salem, Oregon
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member ddtfamily
N 44° 56.377 W 123° 01.988
10T E 497386 N 4976243
Historical Marker at the Oregon World War II Memorial
Waymark Code: WMKV40
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 05/30/2014
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member silverquill
Views: 1

This is one of a series of nine historical markers at the new Oregon World War II Memorial. The memorial is located at the west end of Willson Park on the Oregon State Capitol grounds. The memorial consists of a 33-foot tall stone tower and a black wall containing the names of Oregonians killed during World War II. The nine historical markers are found along the base of the wall, each covering a different aspect of the war effort. This marker provides historical information with a focus on the statistics behind Oregon's war effort.

Text of the marker reads:

OREGON'S WWII STATISTICS

Military Installations in Oregon:
Troop Training Facilities: Army Camp Adair - N of Corvallis; Army Camp Abbott - upper Deschutes River S of Bend; Umatilla Army Depot - near Hermiston, sprawling repository for munitions in hundreds of semi subterranean silos
Army - Constructed hangars and airfields at Portland, Astoria, Newport, North Bend, Floras Lake
Navy - Built Tongue Point Naval Station, Astoria
Navy - Tillamook Naval Air Station - erected 2 of largest wood-frame building in the world. Blimps moved from these massive hangars & glided up/down the coast to patrol for enemy ships and submarines Pendleton Air Field

Oregonians serving in WWII: 146,633
Women: 3,540
Killed in Action: 3,771
Wounded in action: 5,000+

41st Infantry Division: First National Guard Regiment to be mobilized; inducted into Federal Service. Became part of 41st Division, first Division to go overseas after war declaration. First to arrive in SW Pacific; served overseas longer than any other Division.

Homefront: Six shipyards in Portland area:

1. Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation (Kaiser Company) 3 sites: At its peak, Oregon Shipbuilding employed over 70,000 workers, 28,000 of whom were women. Women were laborers, helpers, welders/welder trainees, warehouse workers.
A. St. Johns: 330 Liberty Ships; 99 Victory cargo ships; 34 Combat Transport ships. The "Combat Transport" ships (VC2-S-AP5) were Haskell-class attack transports built for the US Navy during World War II, based on the Victory ship design type.
B. Swan Island: 147 Tankers
C. Vancouver, WA: 50 Escort carriers; 31 Combat Transport

The "Star of Oregon", the first Liberty ship built on the West Coast, was launched from the Oregon Shipbuilding Company in Portland, from Way #7 on September 27, 1941, finished ship delivered December 31, 1941. (Note: The SS Patrick Henry was also launched September 27, 1941 at the Bethlehem-Fairfield shipyard near Baltimore. The Henry, though, was "completed" (delivered) one day earlier, December 30, 1941)

2. Willamette Iron and Steel: Built more than 70 small ships

3. Commercial Iron Works: Built close to 200 small warships (net layers, mine layers, submarine chasers, Landing Craft Infantry (small), Landing Craft Support (Large); outfitted larger ships from other yards with armaments.

4. Albina Engine & Machine Works: For the US Navy - 45 sub chasers; 14 yard oilers; 9 gas tankers; 1 water tanker; 94 landing craft.

Victory Gardens: One major cause of food shortages was the forced interment of Japanese-Americans. According to the California Farm Bureau, Japanese farmers were responsible for 40% of the vegetables grown in California valued at over $40 million annually. Japanese farmers were forced to leave about 200,000 acres of farmland. The land was transferred to European immigrants or Americans from the Dust Bowl region. Being new to the California climate, they were unable to match the production of the experienced Japanese farmers. As a result of this food shortage, policies encouraging victory gardens were implemented.

The Child Service Centers were built at both the Oregon Ship and Swan Island facilities, opening November 1943. Peak enrollment reached 400 children of shipyard workers.


Click photo to enlarge

Historic Topic: Modern Age 1900 to date

Group Responsible for placement: Other

Marker Type: City

Region: Willamette Valley

County: Marion

Web link to additional information: [Web Link]

State of Oregon Historical Marker "Beaver Board": Not listed

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