The Historic Booneslick Region - Civil War - Danville, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 54.516 W 091° 32.084
15S E 627046 N 4307654
The Boone's Lick Road, was originally laid out by Nathan, Daniel Morgan and Jesse Boone from St. Charles to Howard County. Several times in the 1820's to 1850's the road re-routed itself to accommodate stag coaches, shifting to reach open taverns.
Waymark Code: WMKW67
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 06/02/2014
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member MountainWoods
Views: 4

County of marker: Montgomery County
Location of marker: Booneslick Rd. (Old US 40 now N. service RD of I-70), Danville
Marker erected by: Missouri Civil War Heritage Foundation
Marker erected: 2005

Marker text:

Missouri achieved statehood in 1821 as a result of the famous "Missouri Compromise." It was decreed that Missouri be admitted as a slave state, but thereafter no state north of the 36° 30' North latitude in the Louisiana Territory would be permitted to harbor the institution." The Compromise left an uneasy equilibrium that kept the country together until the troubles in Kansas began in the 1850s.

The first consequence of Missouri's admission as a slave state was a flood of immigration by people of Southern heritage, from states such as Tennessee, Kentucky and Virginia. Southerners, like Easterners, were on the move westward in the first half of the nineteenth century. Many of these new Missourians located in the fertile Missouri River Valley; Some brought slaves, and many others who did not own slaves brought with them the tolerance for the slave culture.

The area of central Missouri having the highest proportion of slave-holders came to be known as the "Boonslick." The boundaries of this territory are subject to conjecture, then as now, but in this part of Missouri the boundary can be laid out along the deep valley of the Loutre River that exits 2½ miles west of here. This natural barrier, the existence of German settlements centered at Hermann, only 15 miles to the south, and of a railroad tying commerce to St. Louis, just to the east, would turn Danville into a no-man's land by the end of the Civil War.

The Boonslick was isolated from the rest of the slave-holding South by the mountain region known as the Ozark plateau, where (as elsewhere in the South) the slave culture did not take root. Even as the 1860s arrived, transportation of goods and agriculture products in and out of the Boonslick depended inordinately on steamboats plying the Missouri and Mississippi. St. Louis, by then a manufacturing center with a large proportion of European immigrant labor, stood squarely between the Boonslick and the rest of the slave-holding South.

In 1861, the area we now know as "Little Dixie" - the Boonslick - was the northernmost pocket of Southern and slave-holding sympathies in all the United States. By early 1862, the Confederacy lost any opportunity it ever had to control the Boonslick by force of arms and regular Confederate armies were operating out of Arkansas. It was simple geography, and some say a heavy-handed military administration of a population sympathetic to Southern viewpoints that brought about the fierce guerrilla style of warfare, practiced by both sides, that most people associate with Missouri's Civil War.

All of these factors helped to bring about Danville's date with destiny, October 14, 1864.

[One point of view of the Danville Raid can be read here.]

When Daniel and Rebecca Boone moved from Kentucky and established a home in St., Charles County, Missouri. [this never happened..Daniel lived in a cabin in Matson, Rebecca lived with her daughter in Defiance] Their grown sons, Nathan and Daniel Morgan Boone, emigrated with them. The sources of salt was discovered to the west, north of the Missouri River, - "salt licks", which referred to the practice of wild game to lick the salt deposits appearing at the ground surface. One of these sources was acquired by the Boone Brothers, and hence known as Noone's Lick. A trace, then a trail, was laid out to an animal salt lick which was "mined" and processed for the salt to be sold to pioneers and used by the Boone brothers, and hence was known as Boone's Lick. The road which connected St. Charles to these sources became the Boonslick Road. Later, the entire region that straddled the Missouri River came to be known as the Boonslick. Now, it is better known as Missouri's "Little Dixie".

The Boonslick Road originally ended in Howard County, Missouri, where the Boones' salt works is now a Missouri State Historic Site. After this road was extended westward from Howard County, the old Boonslick Road would become the Santa Fe Trail. This ancient thoroughfare later became U.S. Highway 40 [Not true] and finally Inter state 70.

The portrait that appears above was painted from life in 1820, the same year Daniel Boone passed away at his son's home near Defience, Missouri.

[Now called the DANIEL BOONE HOME incorrectly] The home still stands 45 miles southwest of here, in St. Charles County, and is a popular visitors attraction. The artist is Chester Harding, whose son Chester Harding, Jr., was a colonel in the Union army who figured prominently in Missouri's Civil War.

The Boonslick Today
The historic Boonslick region today reflects rich mixture of its agricultural roots with educational and cultural activities that draw the attention of the entire Midwest. At the center is the growing urban area of Columbia, home of the University of Missouri, the first land-grant institution west of the Mississippi River. Festivals, art shows and farmers markets draw visitors from around the state to Columbia, which has also became a regional shopping hub. Rocheport, Boonville and Fayette to the west and northwest each offer unique attraction for history-minded visitors, as do Centralia and Fulton to the northeast and east.

Web link: [Web Link]

History of Mark:
please see above

Additional point: Not Listed

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