Richmond, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 39° 16.716 W 093° 58.656
15S E 415680 N 4348149
Large Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints) influence, and Missouri River influence.
Waymark Code: WMQDT0
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 02/12/2016
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
Views: 1

County of courthouse: Ray County
Location of courthouse: bordered by Thornton St., College St., Main St. (MO 10) & North Main St.
County seat: Richmond
County Organized: Nov. 16, 1820
County Named after: John Ray, a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1820
Ray County Courthouse 1914-. Architect: R. Warren Roberts

"Richmond was founded, 1827, as the seat of Ray County on land donated by John Wollard, W.B. Martin, and Isaac and William Thornton. The county, organized 1820, had its first seat at Bluffton, where Camden an early Missouri River port, was laid out, 1836. The river channel suddenly shifted there, July 3, 1915, leaving Camden several miles inland and placing the Lafayette County boundary north of the river in that area.

"Richmond and Ray County suffered from troop movements, skirmishes, and guerrilla raids during 1861-1865, but the postwar years brought coal mining and railroad growth. The St. Louis & St. Joseph (Santa Fe) came to Richmond, 1870. The North Mo. (Wabash) reached nearby Henrietta, 1869, and Chicago, Santa Fe, & Calif. (Santa Fe), in 1887. Early schools were Richmond Academy, opened in 1836, and Woodson (Methodist) Institute, 1893.

"At the courthouse is the State statue, by F.C. Hibbard, to Alexander W. Doniphan (1808-87), who lived here 19 years. Colonel in the Mexican War, he led the 1st Reg. Mo. Mounted Volunteers on the famed 1846-47 self-sustained expedition to Mexico.

"Trade and legal center for a livestock, grain, and coal mining county, Richmond lies in the Glacial Plains Region of Missouri in territory ceded by Iowa, Sac, and Fox tribes, 1824. An ancient Indian trail ran along the Missouri. In the vicinity of Orrick, laid out 1869, the river bottom land is one of the State's leading potato producing areas.

"The county, named for Missouri legislator John Ray, was settled by Southerners who came to the area, 1814-15. First settlements were Bluffton, southwest, near the present Camden, and Buffalo, southeast, near where Hardin was later founded in 1868.

"Forest Smith, Missouri governor, 1949-53, was born near Richmond and here lived Austin A. King, governor, 1849-53. Albert M. Clark, Mo. Supreme Court Justice, 1938-50, was born in nearby Lawson. In Richmond's cemeteries are the State Monument to Gov. King; Latter-Day Saints monument to David Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery; witnesses of the "Book of Morman"; and unmarked grave of guerrilla raider Bill Anderson. In town is the gravesite of Mexican War Captain Isreal R. Hendley." ~ State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission, 1957

Wikipedia Url: [Web Link]

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