Work it With Muscles - Horse and Oxen Logging - Chiloquin, OR
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
N 42° 38.644 W 121° 52.896
10T E 591683 N 4721896
One of a few historical interpretive displays located within Collier State Park Logging Museum. Admission is free but the outdoor museum is seasonally open from May 1 to October 1.
Waymark Code: WMX1VN
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 11/14/2017
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Volcanoguy
Views: 0

Located within Collier State Park Logging Museum are a number of historical interpretive displays that highlight the rich logging history of this region. This display is the third that visitors encounter while experiencing a self-guided walking tour of logging exhibits. This display's main verbiage reads:

Work it With Muscles
Horse and Oxen Logging

European immigrants often measured progress in stumps. The transformation of forests into farmlands sapped their energies but defined their success. The quest for forest products to build houses and cities moved from east to west. Although logging wand lumber production began in the Pacific Northwest in 1829, it did not take off as an industry until the 1860s.

Early logging was dangerous, hard labor. Working with cross-cut saws ("misery whips"), men confronted the giants trees of the forest. They made small cuts to fix platforms ("springboards") that elevated them above the often pitch-filled tree butt, eyeballed an undercut to help determine the direction a tree would fall, and pulled the saw back and forth to bring down the forest giants. Falling limbs ("widow makers") and splitting tree trunks ("barber chairs") were daily hazards.

Men with short saws worked along the downed timber to cut off limbs and saw trees into lengths for hauling. Oxen and horses provided essential muscle-power to drag log carts, high-wheels, and sleds, or move logs over greased poles ("skid roads"). The draft animals pulled logs directly to the mill or to rivers and ponds where they were floated to the sawmills.

Forest products in the 1860s and the 1870s, except at coastal mills, were for local use because there was no way to export pilings, beams, rough-sawn lumber, shakes, and shingles.

Historic Topic: Pioneer

Group Responsible for placement: State of Oregon

Marker Type: Roadside

Region: Southern Oregon

County: Klamath

Web link to additional information: [Web Link]

State of Oregon Historical Marker "Beaver Board": Not listed

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