Triple Nickles Beaver Board - Cave Junction, OR
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
N 42° 06.234 W 123° 40.887
10T E 443655 N 4661536
A Beaver Board located at the Siskiyou Smokejumper Base Museum located at the Illinois Valley Airport.
Waymark Code: WMXBX1
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 12/23/2017
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member Volcanoguy
Views: 0

Located at the Illinois Valley Airport and near the Siskiyou Smokejumper Base Museum is an official Beaver Board that highlights some history here and tells us:

Triple Nickels

Formed in 1943, the all-Black 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion was the first opportunity for African officers and enlisted men to become paratroopers in the segregated US Army during World War II.

Racial Segregation Ended
The "Triple Nickels" returned to their home base to North Carolina in 1945. At the request of Lieutenant General James Gavin, the 555th was assigned to his previously all-White 82nd Airborne Division in 1947. A year later, President Truman's Executive Order officially ended racial segregation in the US military.

Balloon Bomb Blazes
In 1944-45, Japan launched balloon bombs eastward across the Pacific to set US west coast forests ablaze and cause civilian panic. In May 1945, the military ordered the "Triple Nickles" on a classified mission, code named "Operation Firefly," to counter this threat. Detailed to the US Forest Service, the 555th jumped on and fought Pacific Northwest forest fires.

The "Triple Nickles" trained at Pendleton Field in northeastern Oregon. Army Ordnance personnel instructed the 555th in bomb disposal while Forest Service "smokejumpers" trained them in parachuting on wildland fires and how to fight them. That summer, the "Triple Nickles" jumped on 15 fires and fought on at least 28.

PFC Malvin L. Brown
555th Parachute Infantry Battalion

Malvin L. Brown enlisted in the US Army late in 1942. After qualifying as a paratrooper in the all-Black 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion, Brown trained as a medic.

On August 6, 1945, "Triple Nickels" paratroopers based at Pendleton Field responded to a fire in Oregon's Umpqua National Forest near Roseburg. PFC Brown volunteered to replace an ill medic on the jump list. His parachute caught in a tall tree and he fell more than 150 feet to his death. Fellow paratroopers carried his body several miles to the nearest road.

PFC Malvin Brown left a widow and daughter. He is buried near his hometown, Baltimore Maryland, and was the first smokejumper to die on a fire jump.

Historic Topic: Modern Age 1900 to date

Group Responsible for placement: Other

Marker Type: City

Region: Southern Oregon

County: Josephine

State of Oregon Historical Marker "Beaver Board": [Web Link]

Web link to additional information: [Web Link]

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